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Proposal for an epidemiological surveillance program for the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases in workers exposed to carbon dioxide (CO2) at a Venezuelan brewing company

By
María Eugenia Ramírez ,
María Eugenia Ramírez

Instituto de Altos Estudios Dr. Arnoldo Gabaldon. Maracay, Venezuela

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Misael Ron ,
Misael Ron

Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela

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Gladys Mago ,
Gladys Mago

Instituto de Altos Estudios Dr. Arnoldo Gabaldon. Maracay, Venezuela

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Estela Hernandez–Runque ,
Estela Hernandez–Runque

Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela

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María Del Carmen Martínez ,
María Del Carmen Martínez

Instituto de Altos Estudios Dr. Arnoldo Gabaldon. Maracay, Venezuela

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Evelin Escalona ,
Evelin Escalona

Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela

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Abstract

Introduction: In manufacturing companies, specifically in the brewery, there are processes that involve the handling and use of chemical agents, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), this is the reason why workers are exposed to this agent. In the studied company, an accident was caused by exposure to this substance.
Objective: To propose an epidemiological surveillance program for the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases in workers exposed to carbon dioxide (CO2) in a Venezuelan brewery.
Methods: A qualitative-quantitative, field, descriptive, feasible project-type research was carried out, with the epidemiological surveillance program as the unit of analysis. Documentary review, direct observation and the interview were used as data collection techniques, and the observation guide, the sociodemographic form and the field diary were used as instruments.
Results: The machine room has 18 workers, which shows that the workforce is composed of men over 40 years of age. Among the main causes of consultation of workers to the medical service are headache with 24.1%, followed by fatigue with 20.6% and then dizziness with 13.7%.
Conclusion: We propose an Epidemiological Surveillance Program aimed at machine room workers exposed to Carbon Dioxide (CO2), since there is no system that collects complete information on the working conditions and health of its workers, thus failing to comply with the legal framework governing the subject.

How to Cite

1.
Ramírez ME, Ron M, Mago G, Hernandez–Runque E, Martínez MDC, Escalona E. Proposal for an epidemiological surveillance program for the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases in workers exposed to carbon dioxide (CO2) at a Venezuelan brewing company. Data and Metadata [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 15 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];2:55. Available from: https://dm.saludcyt.ar/index.php/dm/article/view/55

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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