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Data-driven decision-making to improve the diagnosis of cancer patients in the province of Guantanamo: a case study of epidemiological behavior during the year 2019

By
Eduardo Enrique Chibas-Muñoz ,
Eduardo Enrique Chibas-Muñoz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Annier Jesús Fajardo-Quesada ,
Annier Jesús Fajardo-Quesada

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Granma, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Celia Sánchez Manduley. Granma, Cuba

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Karina Vidal-Díaz ,
Karina Vidal-Díaz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Nayaxi Reyes-Domínguez ,
Nayaxi Reyes-Domínguez

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: cancer is a disease caused by neoplastic cells that multiply uncontrollably, invading other tissues autonomously and at a distance. There are many types of cancer that can be prevented by avoiding certain risk factors.
Objective: to describe the epidemiological behavior of patients with cancer diagnosis in Guantanamo province in 2019.
Methods: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in patients diagnosed with cancer in the province of Guantánamo, belonging to the country Cuba, during the year 2019. The universe was composed by the 1697 cases reported in that period. The variables age, sex, municipality and main location of the cancer were studied. The primary source of data was the Health Statistical Yearbook of Guantánamo Province.
Results: it was observed that the age group older than 60 years had the highest incidence, with 1176 patients, which represents 69,29 %. The male sex was the most representative, with 870 patients, equivalent to 51,26 %. Prostate cancer was the most prevalent cancer in the male population, with 220 patients, representing 25,28 %.
Conclusions: cancer is an important health problem for the Guantanamo population, especially in the age group over 60 years old. Male sex has a higher incidence, and prostate, breast and skin cancer are the most frequent in the population studied.

How to Cite

1.
Chibas Muñoz EE, Fajardo-Quesada AJ, Vidal-Díaz K, Reyes-Domínguez N. Data-driven decision-making to improve the diagnosis of cancer patients in the province of Guantanamo: a case study of epidemiological behavior during the year 2019. Data and Metadata [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 21 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];2:33. Available from: https://dm.saludcyt.ar/index.php/dm/article/view/33

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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